🇲🇽  Tulum

Tulum is the site of a Mayan walled city which served as a major port for Coba, in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. These magificent ruins are situated on 40foot tall cliffs along the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula. The site might have been called Zama, meaning City of Dawn, because it faces the sunrise.
Tulum was one of the last cities built and inhabited by the Maya at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying what is now Mexico .

It is one of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum and you can see it from your own vessel and anchor just south or to the north of it if you are brave enough to enter the path though the reef with good light ( noon non cloudy not too windy )
and draw less than 6 foot on a calm day – give yourself the flexibility to visit during the off-peak hours of the early morning or late afternoon and save your track. The Sand is compacted so only recommended as a day anchorage.

 

Tulum’s massive wall was thick and 1,300 ft long parallel to the sea and would have taken an enormous amount of energy and time, which shows how important defense was. On the southwest and northwest corners there are watch towers demonstrating a well defended city.

Tulum

Tulum is considered by archeological experts one of the most well-known fortified sites of the Mayan Civilization

Wall of Tulum

Three major structures of interest

El Castillo
Temple of the Frescoes
Temple of the Descending God


Since tulum had access to both land and sea trade routes it was an important trade hub, especially for volcanic glass called ovisidian used for tools, decorative objects and made into a type of sword with obsidian blades mounted in a wooden body. Called a macuahuitl .This weapon could inflict terrible injuries, combining the sharp cutting edge of an obsidian blade with the ragged cut of a serrated weapon.

 

 

From numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending god

Tulum was first mentioned by Jua Diaz a member of Grijalva’s Spanish expedition in 1518, the first Europeans to spot Tulum.

In 2020, an underwater archaeological expedition led by Jerónimo Avilés again excavated the cave and revealed the skeleton of a female about 30 years of age that lived at least 9,900 years ago.

 

The Site is close to 2 marinas https://panamaposse.com/marina-vv-cancun and https://panamaposse.com/marina-el-cid

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